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Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D. Available online. The Indian Tribes of North America. Tribes of the U. Allen County Public Library Ft. Navigation menu Personal tools English. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read View source View history. Submit Wiki Content Report a Problem.

New Hampshire Wiki Topics. Tribal territories of the Western Abenaki tribes. Record Types. State Indian Pages. See Maine. The Pennacook belonged to the Algonquian linguistic stock, their nearest relatives being the Abnaki, with whom they were frequently classed, and the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, and Malecite.

In southern and central New Hampshire, northeastern Massachusetts, and the southernmost part of Maine. See also Maine, Massachusetts, and Vermont. The early history of the Pennacook was like that of the Abnaki except that they were earlier affected by the English settlements on Massachusetts Bay.

They then abandoned their country and the greater part removed to Canada, where they ultimately joined the Abnaki and other Indians of St. The remainder were finally settled at Scaticook, Rensselaer County, N.

The number of Pennacook is estimated by Mooney at 2, in and 1, in The remnant is included among the St. Francis Indians returned in Connection in which they have become noted. Collection: Swanton, John R.


Indigenous Peoples of New Hampshire • FamilySearch – Post navigation


The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters. They were and are the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:. The Wikipedia article, Pennacook , has several maps about this tribe and other Abenaki tribes.

From FamilySearch Wiki. Indigenous Peoples of the United States Research. New Hampshire. Indigenous Peoples of New Hampshire. In spring and summer, bands would gather at fixed locations near rivers, or the seacoast, for planting and fishing.

These summer villages were sometimes fortified, depending on the warfare in the area. Compared with Iroquois settlements, most Abenaki villages were fairly small, averaging about persons, but there were exceptions — particularly among the Western Abenaki.

Some Abenaki used an oval-shaped long house, but most favored the dome-shaped, bark-covered wigwam during the warmer months. During winter, the Abenaki moved farther inland and separated into small groups of conical, bark-covered wigwams shaped like the buffalo-hide tepee of the plains.

The Abenaki were noteworthy for their general lack of central authority. Even at the tribal level, the authority of their sachems was limited, and important decisions, such as war and peace, usually required a meeting of all adults. The Abenaki Confederacy did not come into existence until after , and then only in response to continuous wars with the Iroquois and English colonists. In many ways the lack of central authority served the Abenaki well.

In times of war, the Abenaki could abandon their villages, separate into small bands, and regroup in a distant refuge beyond the reach of their enemies. It was a strategy that confounded repeated efforts by both the Iroquois and English to conquer them. The Abenaki could just melt away, regroup, and then counterattack. European Contact In the early s, European fishermen were fishing for cod, haddock, and other fish found in the Grand Banks. The Grand Banks are a series of raised submarine plateaus found off the southeast coast of Newfoundland, and are one of the richest areas in the ocean for fish.

The European fishermen who fished off the coast of Canada and northern New England eventually came ashore and began to trade with the Abenaki. For the Abenaki, the new coastal trade meant it was easier to get better tools. Tanning skins was very hard work, and the newcomers would often trade a whole blanket for a single beaver skin.

By the mids, the Native American population in New Hampshire was declining. About Us. Get stories that empower and uplift daily. See our other FREE newsletters. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy. Select free newsletters: The Weekender A selection of the most viewed stories this week on the Monitor’s website.

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Quick Read Deep Read 5 Min. By Chelsea Sheasley Staff writer csheasley. Why We Wrote This History is only as useful as it is thorough. This birchbark canoe, on display at the Mt. They tested their canoe in the water and were pleased to find that it floats. This creel basket, made by Bill Gould, is on exhibit at Mt. Kearsarge Indian Museum as part of an art show by Abenaki artists.

This gourd box and ornament, on display at the Mt. You’ve read of free articles. Subscribe to continue. Mark Sappenfield. Our work isn’t possible without your support. Digital subscription includes: Unlimited access to CSMonitor. The Monitor Daily email. No advertising. Cancel anytime. Copy link Link copied.

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Native American Heritage | Learning Center | New Hampshire Folklife.

And only about % of New Hampshire residents, or roughly 4, people, identify as American Indian or Alaska Native alone, according to the. Two Native American bands, originally living in the New Hampshire region, were the Abenaki and the Western Pennacook. Words such as Amoskeag. From the Abenaki tribe there are several various subgroups that are differentiated throughout Southern New Hampshire. The Nashua, or sometimes.


What native tribes lived in new hampshire

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