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In , WalletHub ranked New Jersey the state least dependent upon federal government aid overall and having the fourth lowest return on taxpayer investment from the federal government, at 48 cents per dollar.
New Jersey has one of the highest tax burdens in the nation. New Jersey’s economy is multifaceted, featuring the pharmaceutical industry , biotechnology , information technology , the financial industry , chemical development, telecommunications, food processing, electric equipment, printing, publishing, and tourism. New Jersey’s agricultural outputs are nursery stock, horses, vegetables, fruits and nuts, seafood, and dairy products. New Jersey has a strong scientific economy and is home to major pharmaceutical and telecommunications firms, drawing on the state’s large and well-educated labor pool.
There is also a strong service economy in retail sales, education, and real estate, serving residents who work in New York City or Philadelphia. Thomas Edison invented the first electric light bulb at his home in Menlo Park, Edison in New Jersey is also a key participant in the renewable wind industry. New Jersey has more scientists and engineers per square mile than anywhere in the world,  and is a global leader in pharmaceuticals , biotechnology , life sciences , and technology.
Shipping is a key industry in New Jersey because of the state’s strategic geographic location, the Port of New York and New Jersey being the busiest port on the East Coast. The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal was the world’s first container port and today is one of the world’s largest. New Jersey hosts numerous business headquarters, including twenty-four Fortune companies. New Jersey’s location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis and its extensive transportation system have put over one-third of all United States residents and many Canadian residents within overnight distance by land.
In , a referendum by Jersey voters approved casino gambling in Atlantic City, where the first legalized casino opened in Supreme Court on May 14, Some mining activity of zinc , iron, and manganese still takes place in the area in and around the Franklin Furnace.
Although New Jersey is home to many energy-intensive industries, its energy consumption is only 2. New Jersey’s electricity comes primarily from natural gas and nuclear power.
The state has more than , solar installations. As of the school year, there were operating districts in the state. Of these, were traditional public school districts and 87 were charter school districts. Rosenberg retracted this plan when criticized for taking the money out of healthcare to fund this initiative. New Jersey is known for the quality of its education. In , the state spent more per each public school student than any other U.
Princeton University in Princeton , Mercer County , one of the world’s most prominent research universities, is often featured at or near the top of various national and global university rankings, topping the list, alongside those of several previous consecutive years, from U. In , New Jersey’s school systems were ranked at the top of all fifty U. Nine New Jersey high schools were ranked among the top 25 in the U.
New Jersey has continued to play a prominent role as a U. Like every state, New Jersey has its own cuisine , religious communities , museums , and halls of fame. New Jersey is the birthplace of many modern inventions, including FM radio , the motion picture camera, the lithium battery , the light bulb , transistors , and the electric train.
Other New Jersey creations include: the drive-in movie, the cultivated blueberry , cranberry sauce , the postcard, the boardwalk , the zipper , the phonograph , saltwater taffy , the dirigible , the seedless watermelon ,  the first use of a submarine in warfare, and the ice cream cone. Diners are iconic to New Jersey. The state is home to many diner manufacturers and has over diners, more than any other place in the world. New Jersey is the only state without a state song.
I’m From New Jersey is incorrectly listed on many websites as being the New Jersey state song, but it was not even a contender when in the New Jersey Arts Council submitted their suggestions to the New Jersey Legislature. New Jersey is frequently the target of jokes in American culture,  especially from New York City-based television shows, such as Saturday Night Live.
The New Jersey Turnpike , which runs between two major East Coast cities, New York City and Philadelphia, is also cited as a reason, as people who traverse through the state may only see its industrial zones.
New Jersey is known for several foods developed within the region, including Taylor Ham also known as pork roll , sloppy joe sandwiches , tomato pies , salt water taffy , and Texas wieners. New Jersey third-largest industry is food and agriculture just behind pharmaceuticals and tourism. New Jersey is one of the top 10 producers of blueberries , cranberries , peaches , tomatoes , bell peppers , eggplant , cucumbers , apples , spinach , squash , and asparagus in the United States. Many restaurants in the state get locally grown ingredients because of this.
Campbell’s Soup Company has been headquartered in Camden since Several states with substantial Italian American populations take credit for the development of submarine sandwiches , including New Jersey. New Jersey has long been an important origin for both rock and rap music. Prominent musicians from or with significant connections to New Jersey include:. New Jersey currently has six teams from major professional sports leagues playing in the state, although one Major League Soccer team and two National Football League teams identify themselves as being from the New York metropolitan area.
While the team had mostly losing records in Kansas City, Denver, and its first years in New Jersey, the Devils began to improve in the late s and early s under Hall of Fame president and general manager Lou Lamoriello. The team made the playoffs for the Stanley Cup in and , and won it in , , and The organization is the youngest of the nine major league teams in the New York metropolitan area. The Devils have established a following throughout the northern and central portions of the state, carving a place in a media market once dominated by the New York Rangers and Islanders.
In , the Philadelphia Flyers renovated and expanded their training facility, the Virtua Center Flyers Skate Zone, in Voorhees Township in the southern portion of the state. The Meadowlands Sports Complex is home to the Meadowlands Racetrack , one of three major harness racing tracks in the state. Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport is a popular spot for thoroughbred racing in New Jersey and the northeast.
It hosted the Breeders’ Cup in , and its turf course was renovated in preparation. The intense rivalry between Rutgers and Princeton athletics began with the first intercollegiate football game in The schools have not met on the football field since , but they continue to play each other annually in all other sports offered by the two universities.
Rutgers, which fields 24 teams in various sports, is nationally known for its football program, with a 6—4 all-time bowl record; and its women’s basketball programs, which appeared in a National Final in The university also fields men’s basketball and baseball programs.
Rutgers’ fans live mostly in the western parts of the state and Middlesex County ; its alumni base is the largest in the state. Seton Hall fields no football team, but its men’s basketball team is one of the Big East ‘s storied programs. The Pirates play their home games at Prudential Center in downtown Newark , about 4 miles 6 km from the university’s South Orange campus.
Their fans hail largely from the predominantly Roman Catholic areas of the northern part of the state and the Jersey Shore. The annual inter-conference rivalry game between Seton Hall and Rutgers, whose venue alternates between Newark and Piscataway, the Garden State Hardwood Classic, is planned through It has two campuses, each with its own sports teams. Among the various Division III schools in the state, the Stevens Institute of Technology Ducks have fielded the longest continuously running collegiate men’s lacrosse program in the country.
Motion picture technology was developed by Thomas Edison , with much of his early work done at his West Orange laboratory. Edison’s Black Maria was the first motion picture studio. America’s first motion picture industry started in in Fort Lee and the first studio was constructed there in A number of television shows and films have been filmed in New Jersey.
Since , the state has maintained a Motion Picture and Television Commission to encourage filming in-state. Governor Chris Christie suspended the credits in , but the New Jersey State Legislature in approved the restoration and expansion of the tax credit program. The New Jersey Turnpike is one of the most prominent and heavily trafficked roadways in the United States. This toll road , which overlaps with Interstate 95 for much of its length, carries traffic between Delaware and New York, and up and down the East Coast in general.
Commonly referred to as simply «the Turnpike», it is known for its numerous rest areas named after prominent New Jerseyans. The Garden State Parkway , or simply «the Parkway», carries relatively more in-state traffic than interstate traffic and runs from New Jersey’s northern border to its southernmost tip at Cape May.
It is the main route that connects the New York metropolitan area to the Jersey Shore. With a total of fifteen travel and six shoulder lanes, the Driscoll Bridge on the Parkway, spanning the Raritan River in Middlesex County , is the widest motor vehicle bridge in the world by number of lanes as well as one of the busiest.
New Jersey is connected to New York City via various key bridges and tunnels. The double-decked George Washington Bridge carries the heaviest load of motor vehicle traffic of any bridge in the world, at million vehicles per year, across fourteen lanes. New Jersey has interstate compacts with all three of its neighboring states. Bridge tolls are collected only from traffic exiting the state, with the exception of the private Dingman’s Ferry Bridge over the Delaware River, which charges a toll in both directions.
It is unlawful for a customer to serve themselves gasoline in New Jersey. It became the last remaining U. United Airlines is the airport’s largest tenant, operating an entire terminal Terminal C there, which it uses as one of its primary hubs. Two smaller commercial airports, Atlantic City International Airport and rapidly growing Trenton-Mercer Airport , also operate in other parts of the state.
Teterboro Airport in Bergen County and Millville Municipal Airport in Cumberland County are general aviation airports popular with private and corporate aircraft due to their proximity to New York City and the Jersey Shore , respectively. NJ Transit operates extensive rail and bus service throughout the state.
A state-run corporation, it began with the consolidation of several private bus companies in North Jersey in In the early s, it acquired Conrail ‘s commuter train operations that connected suburban towns to New York City. Today, NJ Transit has eleven commuter rail lines that run through different parts of the state. Most of the lines end at either Penn Station in New York City or Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken , although some lines serve service to both terminal stations.
One line provides service between Atlantic City and Philadelphia. NJ Transit also operates three light rail systems in the state. The Newark Light Rail is partially underground, and connects downtown Newark with other parts of the city and its suburbs, Belleville and Bloomfield.
The River Line connects Trenton , and Camden. Amtrak operates numerous long-distance passenger trains in New Jersey, both to and from neighboring states and around the country. Some private bus carriers still remain in New Jersey.
Most of these carriers operate with state funding to offset losses and state owned buses are provided to these carriers, of which Coach USA companies make up the bulk. Other carriers include private charter and tour bus operators that take gamblers from other parts of New Jersey, New York City, Philadelphia, and Delaware to the casino resorts of Atlantic City.
The position of Governor of New Jersey is one of the most powerful in the nation. The governor is elected on a ticket with their lieutenant governor as the only statewide elected executive officials in the state; the governor appoints the entire executive cabinet and judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts. Phil Murphy D is the governor. The governor’s mansion is Drumthwacket , located in Princeton. Before , New Jersey was one of the few states without a lieutenant governor. Republican Kim Guadagno was elected the first lieutenant governor of New Jersey on the Republican ticket with Governor Chris Christie and took office on January 19, The position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters in Previously a gubernatorial vacancy would be filled by the president of the New Jersey State Senate as acting governor, thus directing half of the legislative and all of the executive process.
The current version of the New Jersey State Constitution was adopted in It provides for a bicameral New Jersey Legislature , consisting of an upper house Senate of 40 members and a lower house General Assembly of 80 members.
Each of the 40 legislative districts elects one state senator and two Assembly members. Assembly members are elected for a two-year term in all odd-numbered years; state senators are elected in years ending in 1, 3, and 7 and thus serve either four- or two-year terms.
New Jersey is one of only five states that elects its state officials in odd-numbered years the others are Kentucky , Louisiana , Mississippi , and Virginia.
New Jersey holds elections for these offices every four years, in the year following each federal Presidential election year. The New Jersey Supreme Court  consists of a chief justice and six associate justices. All are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of a majority of the membership of the state senate.
Justices serve an initial seven-year term, after which they can be reappointed to serve until age Most of the day-to-day work in the New Jersey courts is carried out in the Municipal Court, where simple traffic tickets, minor criminal offenses, and small civil matters are heard.
More serious criminal and civil cases are handled by the Superior Court for each county. All Superior Court judges are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of a majority of the membership of the state senate.
Each judge serves an initial seven-year term and can be reappointed to serve until age New Jersey’s judiciary is unusual in that it still has separate courts of law and equity , like its neighbor Delaware but unlike most other U.
The New Jersey Superior Court is divided into Law and Chancery Divisions at the trial level; the Law Division hears both criminal cases and civil lawsuits where the plaintiff’s primary remedy is damages , while the Chancery Division hears family cases, civil suits where the plaintiff’s primary remedy is equitable relief, and probate trials.
The Superior Court also has an Appellate Division , which functions as the state’s intermediate appellate court. There is also a Tax Court, which is a court of limited jurisdiction. Tax Court judges hear appeals of tax decisions made by County Boards of Taxation. They also hear appeals on decisions made by the director of the Division of Taxation on such matters as state income, sales and business taxes, and homestead rebates.
Tax Court judges are appointed by the governor for initial terms of seven years, and upon reappointment are granted tenure until they reach the mandatory retirement age of There are 12 Tax Court judgeships. New Jersey is divided into 21 counties; 13 date from the colonial era. New Jersey was completely divided into counties by ; the present counties were created by dividing the existing ones; most recently Union County in Elected county officials are now called county commissioners as of bill S signed by Governor Murphy on August 8, The county commissioners govern each county as part of its own Board of Chosen County Commissioners  The number of county commissioners in each county is determined by referendum, and must consist of three, five, seven or nine members.
Depending on the county, the executive and legislative functions may be performed by the Board of County Commissioners or split into separate branches of government. In 16 counties, the County Commissioners perform both legislative and executive functions on a commission basis, with each commissioner assigned responsibility for a department or group of departments.
In the other five counties Atlantic , Bergen , Essex , Hudson and Mercer , there is a directly elected County Executive who performs the executive functions while the commissioners retain a legislative and oversight role.
In counties without an Executive, a County Administrator or County Manager may be hired to perform day-to-day administration of county functions. New Jersey currently has municipalities; the most recent dissolution of a municipality was when Pine Valley merged into Pine Hill on January 1, Unlike other states, all New Jersey land is part of a municipality.
In , Governor Jon Corzine proposed cutting state aid to all towns under 10, people, to encourage mergers to reduce administrative costs. Starting in the 20th century, largely driven by reform-minded goals, a series of six modern forms of government was implemented. This began with the Walsh Act , enacted in by the New Jersey Legislature , which provided for a three- or five-member commission elected on a non-partisan basis. This was followed by the Municipal Manager Law , which offered a non-partisan council, provided for a weak mayor elected by and from the members of the council, and introduced a Council-manager government structure with an appointed manager responsible for the day-to-day administration of municipal affairs.
The act provides many choices for communities with a preference for a strong executive and professional management of municipal affairs and offers great flexibility in allowing municipalities to select the characteristics of its government: the number of seats on the council; seats selected at-large, by wards, or through a combination of both; staggered or concurrent terms of office; and a mayor chosen by the council or elected directly by voters.
Most large municipalities and a majority of New Jersey’s residents are governed by municipalities with Faulkner Act charters. Municipalities can also formulate their own unique form of government and operate under a Special Charter with the approval of the New Jersey Legislature.
While municipalities retain their names derived from types of government, they may have changed to one of the modern forms of government, or further in the past to one of the other traditional forms, leading to municipalities with formal names quite baffling to the general public. For example, though there are four municipalities that are officially of the village type, Loch Arbour is the only one remaining with the village form of government.
Socially, New Jersey is considered one of the more liberal states in the nation. New Jersey also has some of the most stringent gun control laws in the U.
These include bans on » assault firearms «, hollow-nose bullets and slingshots. No gun offense in New Jersey is graded less than a felony. BB guns and black-powder guns are all treated as modern firearms. New Jersey does not recognize out-of-state gun licenses and aggressively enforces its own gun laws. New Jersey is a Democratic stronghold.
New Jersey Democrats have majority control of both houses of the New Jersey Legislature Senate, 24—16, and Assembly, , a 10—2 split of the state’s twelve seats in the U. House of Representatives , and both U. Senate seats. There have been recent Republican governors, however: Christine Todd Whitman won election in and and Chris Christie in and In federal elections, the state leans heavily towards the Democratic Party , having last voted for a Republican for president in New Jersey was a crucial swing state in the elections of , , and Case in The state’s Democratic strongholds include Camden County , Essex County the state’s most Democratic county—it includes Newark , the state’s largest city , Hudson County the second-strongest Democratic county, including Jersey City , the state’s second-largest city ; Mercer County especially around Trenton and Princeton , Middlesex County , and Union County including Elizabeth , the state’s fourth-largest city.
The northwestern and southeastern counties of the state are reliably Republican: Republicans have support along the coast in Ocean County and Cape May County , as well as in the mountainous northwestern part of the state, especially Hunterdon County , Sussex County , and Warren County.
To be eligible to vote in a U. On December 17, , Governor Jon Corzine signed into law a bill that would eliminate the death penalty in New Jersey. New Jersey was the first state to pass such legislation since Iowa and West Virginia eliminated executions in Visitors and residents take advantage of and contribute to performances at the numerous music, theater, and dance companies and venues located throughout the state, including:.
New Jersey is the location of most of the boardwalks in the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see New Jersey disambiguation. For other uses, see NJ disambiguation. State in the United States. The Garden State . High Point  . Atlantic Ocean . Main article: History of New Jersey. Main article: New Jersey in the 20th century.
Main article: New Jersey in the 21st century. Flag of New Jersey. Interactive map of New Jersey. Main article: Geography of New Jersey. Main article: Climate of New Jersey. Largest cities or towns in New Jersey Source: .
See also: Category:Religion in New Jersey. See also: New Jersey locations by per capita income. Further information: Biotech and pharmaceutical companies in New Jersey. Main article: Gambling in New Jersey. See also: List of power stations in New Jersey. Main article: Cuisine of New Jersey. Main article: Music of New Jersey. Main article: Sports in New Jersey. See also: List of college athletic programs in New Jersey.
Main article: List of radio stations in New Jersey. Main article: Television and film of New Jersey. Main article: Transportation in New Jersey. Main article: New Jersey Transit. Main article: Government of New Jersey. Phil Murphy D 56th Governor since January 16, Sheila Oliver D 2nd Lt.
Governor since January 16, Main article: Judiciary of New Jersey. Further information: List of New Jersey counties. Further information: List of municipalities in New Jersey. Borough Township City Town Village. Walsh Act commission municipal manager. Mayor—council Council—manager Small municipality Mayor—council—administrator. Main article: Politics of New Jersey. Main article: Elections in New Jersey. See also: Political party strength in New Jersey. Robert Menendez D Senior U.
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He was confirmed unanimously by the New Jersey Senate this afternoon. I am grateful to Governor Murphy and the Senate for the trust they have placed in me and I look forward to continuing my service to the state of New Jersey.
There’s much to do, and I can’t wait to get started,» said Attorney General Grewal. Prior to his selection as New Jersey Attorney General, Grewal served as Bergen County Prosecutor, the chief law enforcement officer of the most populous county in New Jersey and home to nearly a million residents living in seventy municipalities. Archived from the original on May 24, She is now the first female South Asian mayor of a New Jersey municipality and the first female Muslim mayor in the state.
She is also believed to be the first female Muslim mayor, female Pakistani-American mayor and first female South Asian-American mayor first in the nation, according to Religionnews.
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North Jersey Record. Bethlehem is one of the unique cities in the US because it is located in two counties: Northampton and Lehigh. In , it was estimated that Bethlehem was home to 75, people most of who live in the part of the town located in Northampton County. In , Bethlehem was ranked among the best areas to live by the Money Magazine. Belvidere is one of New Jersey’s small towns and it covers an area of 1. Belvidere was incorporated during the mid th century after the residents voted in a referendum.
The boundary between the two states dates back to an agreement signed in the mid 17 th century that was later acknowledged in During the 18th century, the border between New Jersey and New York was a significant issue between the two states. From to there were several conflicts along the border that were referred to as the New York-New Jersey Line War. Although the border agreement between the two states had been acknowledged by their respective governments, the agreement was not respected by the residents.
Settlers from New York moved to New Jersey’s territory which caused conflict between them and the residents of New Jersey. The final fight between the residents of the two states occurred in after the residents of New Jersey tried to capture the leaders of the New York group. The fights took place on the Sabbath, and as a result, neither side used weapons.
The leaders of the New York group were captured and imprisoned in the Sussex County jail. The issue was finally resolved after King George appointed commissioners to survey and establish the border. The dispute dated back to the mid th century and the two states had signed a compact granting New York control over all the islands in the Hudson River. The agreement also allowed New Jersey to use half the water in the river. From to , the territory of the Ellis Island was expanded through land reclamation, and New Jersey claimed it had a right to the territory.
The Supreme Court ruled in New Jersey’s favor and granted the state control over the reclaimed territory. The river flows for roughly 88 miles and drains an area of about square miles. The Wallkill River is unique for several reasons including the fact that it is one of the few rivers that drain into a creek. The river is also unique because it flows north while it is sandwiched between two major rivers that flow to the south. New Jersey and Delaware are separated by a border located on New Jersey’s southwestern part.
The boundary between the two states is located on the easternmost edge of the river instead of being at the center of the river like in most cases. The position of the boundary means that some of the lands on the New Jersey side of the river are actually under the control of Delaware.
– The Official Web Site for The State of New Jersey | About NJ
New Jersey, constituent state of the United States of America. One of the original 13 states, it is bounded by New York to the north and. List of NJ Departments and Agencies. If you have recently moved to New Jersey, you must transfer your out-of-state license and vehicle title/registration within 60 days of your move ( days.
Is new jersey other state –
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