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There continues to be much interest in the origin of the name of our state, a likely reason being the fact that there is no one, clear answer. The portion which came to be Capt. Mason’s alone in , he named New Hampshire. In the same year, a second charter labeled it Laconia. Gorges volleyed with yet another name for his territory: New Somerset. This was strongly disliked by King Charles; he responded in a charter that it «shall forever hereafter be called and named the Province or County of Mayne and not by any other name or names whatsoever.
Discovery was made that she had no dealings with either «Maine», in the ‘s or ever Not to be ignored are a couple of interesting facts, which may have contributed to the establishment of our name: 1 there was a small village on the coast of England once named Maine; and, 2 Sir Gorges’ family came from a village which neighbored «Broadmayne»; at various times, it was known as: Maine, Meine, and part of it was Parva Maen «Little Maine».
The prevailing theory has to do with a practical nautical term, «the main» or «Main Land», «Meyne» or «Mainland», which served to distinguish the bulk of the state from the numerous islands. This is still commonly used today. According to G. Stewart’s Names On the Land, Houghton-Mifflin, , the name was fixed in , when the King’s Commissioners ordered that «Province of Maine» be entered from then on in official records.
Twelve years later the Gorges patents were purchased by Massachusetts, but the name remained intact. Chadbourne, Ava Harriet. Portland, ME: Bond Wheelwright, c Fisher, Carol B.
Rockland, ME: Courier-Gazette, Matthews, Albert. Origin of the Name of Maine. Cambridge: J. Wilson and Son, Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. Boston: B. Russell, c Williamson, William D. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, World Almanac and Book of Facts. New York: Press Pub. The New York World , York County Me. Register of Deeds. York Deeds, Portland: J. Hull, c See the introduction in vol.
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Maine | meaning of Maine in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English | LDOCE.
Definitions of Maine. a state in New England. synonyms: ME, Pine Tree State. example of: American state. one of the 50 states of the United States. Maine in British English (meɪn) noun. Maine definition · A historical region and former province of northwest France south of Normandy. · A province in northwest France, centred on the city of Le Mans.
Maine meaning.Origin of Maine’s Name
In , a total of 17, shipping containers were transported. Its ships stop in Portland once a week in a route that includes Atlantic Canada and Iceland with connections to northern Europe and Asia.
The Maine Constitution structures Maine’s state government, composed of three co-equal branches—the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The legislative branch is the Maine Legislature , a bicameral body composed of the Maine House of Representatives , with members, and the Maine Senate , with 35 members. The Legislature is charged with introducing and passing laws. The executive branch is responsible for the execution of the laws created by the Legislature and is headed by the Governor of Maine currently Janet Mills. The Governor is elected every four years; no individual may serve more than two consecutive terms in this office.
The current attorney general of Maine is Aaron Frey. As with other state legislatures , the Maine Legislature can by a two-thirds majority vote from both the House and Senate override a gubernatorial veto.
Maine is one of seven states that do not have a lieutenant governor. The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting state laws. The highest court of the state is the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.
All judges except for probate judges serve full-time, are nominated by the Governor and confirmed by the Legislature for terms of seven years. Probate judges serve part-time and are elected by the voters of each county for four-year terms. In a study, Maine was ranked as the 14th easiest state for citizens to vote in.
Maine is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties. Since there have been 16 counties in the state, ranging in size from to 6, square miles to 17, km 2. In state general elections , Maine voters tend to accept independent and third-party candidates more frequently than most states.
Maine has had two independent governors: James B. Maine state politicians, Democrats and Republicans alike, are noted for having more moderate views than many in the national wings of their respective parties.
Maine is an alcoholic beverage control state. On May 6, , Maine became the fifth state to legalize same-sex marriage ; however, the law was repealed by voters on November 3, On November 6, , Maine, along with Maryland and Washington, became the first state to legalize same-sex marriage at the ballot box.
In the s, Maine was one of very few states which retained Republican sentiments. In the presidential election , Franklin D. Roosevelt received the electoral votes of every state other than Maine and Vermont ; these were the only two states in the nation that never voted for Roosevelt in any of his presidential campaigns, though Maine was closely fought in and In the s, Maine began to lean toward the Democrats , especially in presidential elections.
In , Hubert Humphrey became just the second Democrat in half a century to carry Maine, perhaps because of the presence of his running mate, Maine Senator Edmund Muskie , although the state voted Republican in every presidential election in the s and s. Since , two of Maine’s four electoral votes have been awarded based on the winner of the statewide election; the other two go to the highest vote-getter in each of the state’s two congressional districts.
Every other state except Nebraska gives all its electoral votes to the candidate who wins the popular vote in the state at large, without regard to performance within districts. Maine split its electoral vote for the first time in , with Donald Trump’s strong showing in the more rural central and northern Maine allowing him to capture one of the state’s four votes in the Electoral College.
Ross Perot achieved a great deal of success in Maine in the presidential elections of and In , as an independent candidate , Perot came in second to Democrat Bill Clinton , despite the long-time presence of the Bush family summer home in Kennebunkport. In , as the nominee of the Reform Party , Perot did better in Maine than in any other state.
Although Democrats have mostly carried the state in presidential elections in recent years, Republicans have largely maintained their control of the state’s U.
Mitchell being the only Maine Democrats serving in the U. Senate in the past fifty years. In the midterm elections, Republicans made major gains in Maine.
They captured the governor’s office as well as majorities in both chambers of the state legislature for the first time since the early s. However, in the elections Democrats managed to recapture both houses of Maine Legislature.
Maine’s U. The governor is Democrat Janet Mills. Maine is the first state to have introduced ranked-choice voting in federal elections. An organized municipality has a form of elected local government which administers and provides local services, keeps records, collects licensing fees, and can pass locally binding ordinances , among other responsibilities of self-government. The governmental format of most organized towns and plantations is the town meeting, while the format of most cities is the council-manager form.
As of [update] the organized municipalities of Maine consist of 23 cities , towns , and 30 plantations. Collectively these organized municipalities cover less than half of the state’s territory.
Unorganized territory UT has no local government. Administration, services, licensing, and ordinances are handled by the state government as well as by respective county governments who have townships within each county’s bounds. The unorganized territory of Maine consists of more than townships in Maine, towns are incorporated, townships are unincorporated , plus many coastal islands that do not lie within any municipal bounds. The UT land area is slightly over half the entire area of the State of Maine.
Year-round residents in the UT number approximately 9, about 1. Only four of Maine’s sixteen counties Androscoggin, Cumberland, Waldo and York are entirely incorporated, although a few others are nearly so, and most of the unincorporated area is in the vast and sparsely populated Great North Woods of Maine.
The most populous cities and towns as of the Census Bureau’s estimates were population in parentheses :. Throughout Maine, many municipalities, although each separate governmental entities, nevertheless form portions of a much larger population base.
There are many such population clusters throughout Maine, but some examples from the municipalities appearing in the above listing are:. There are thirty institutions of higher learning in Maine. UMaine was founded in and is the state’s only land grant and sea grant college. The University of Maine is located in the town of Orono and is the flagship of Maine.
Bowdoin College is a liberal arts college founded in in Brunswick, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the state.
Colby College in Waterville was founded in making it the second oldest college in Maine. There is one art school in the state, Maine College of Art , along with a private graduate school, Institute for Doctoral Studies in the Visual Arts , which offers a Doctor of Philosophy to visual artists. Private schools in Maine are funded independently of the state and its furthered domains. Private schools are less common than public schools.
A large number of private elementary schools with under 20 students exist, but most private high schools in Maine can be described as «semi-private». Maine was a center of agriculture before it achieved statehood. Prior to colonization, Wabanaki nations farmed large crops of corn and other produce in southern Maine. The state is a major producer of potatoes. In , Maine ranked ninth in producing the most potatoes in the nation.
That same year, Maine potato growers shipped 21 million potatoes equal to more than truckloads to processors in Washington state and as seed potatoes for Idaho farmers, after northwestern potato crops suffered from the hot, dry season. Maine was a center of grain production in the s, until grain production moved westward. However, in the early s the local food movement spurred renewed interested in locally grown grains.
In , the Kneading Conference was founded. In, , the Skowhegan grist mill Maine Grains opened. Dairy products and chicken’s eggs are other major industries. Maine has a smaller number of commodity farms and confined animal feeding operations. Apples, maple syrup and sweet corn are other major agricultural crops. Maine has many vegetable farms and other small, diversified farms.
In the s and s, the book «Living the Good Life» by Helen Nearing and Scott Nearing caused many young people to move to Maine and engage in small-scale farming and homesteading. These back-to-the-land migrants increased the population of some counties. Maine is home to the Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association and had certified organic farms in Since the s, the state has gotten a reputation for its local food and restaurant meals.
In New England, Maine baked beans are one of two well-known regional styles of baked beans, the other being Boston baked beans. Both styles use similar seasonings molasses, mustard, onions.
The difference is that Maine baked beans use thicker skinned, native bean varieties such like Marafax, soldier, and yellow-eye beans, and Boston baked beans use thinner skinned, small, white beans such as navy beans.
Adapted from the Maine facts site. A citizen of Maine is known as a «Mainer»,  though the term is often reserved for those whose roots in Maine go back at least three generations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 5 October This article is about the U.
For other uses, see Maine disambiguation. State in the United States. Mount Katahdin   [nb 2]. Atlantic Ocean . Main article: History of Maine. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Religion in Maine  religion percent Protestant. See also: Maine locations by per capita income and List of power stations in Maine.
Further information: State tax levels in the United States. See also: List of Maine railroads. See also: List of counties in Maine. It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled Politics of Maine. Discuss September Main article: List of municipalities in Maine.
Main article: List of unorganized territories in Maine. South Portland. Further information: List of colleges and universities in Maine , Education in Maine , List of high schools in Maine , and List of school districts in Maine. Main article: List of Maine state symbols.
Main article: List of people from Maine. USA Today. Retrieved August 5, There’s a reason it’s called «Vacationland» NGS Data Sheet. Retrieved October 20, United States Geological Survey.
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Archived from the original on May 5, Retrieved May 5, Retrieved March 5, Farm Flavor. Maine potatoes travel far after Western drought». Retrieved April 5, November 19, Thank you! Filters 0. A historical region and former province of northwest France south of Normandy.
United with Anjou in , it passed to England when Henry Plantagenet became king in Maine reverted to the French crown in A province in northwest France , centred on the city of Le Mans. A state of the northeast United States. It was admitted as the 23rd state in Explored by Europeans in , the region was annexed by Massachusetts in Maine’s northern boundary with New Brunswick was settled by a treaty with Great Britain in Augusta is the capital and Portland the largest city. The northeasternmost state of the United States of America, the capital of which is Augusta.
A town in Outagamie County, Wisconsin. A town in Broome County, New York. A town in Marathon County, Wisconsin. Origin of maine.