Most black cities – most black cities
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Its members have varied histories in the nation — many are descendants of enslaved people, while others are recently arrived immigrants. Sacramento, California MSA. Category United States portal.
Most black cities – most black cities. See list of Michigan cities with most African American residents, and geographic shifts since 1970
The analysis presented in this report and the accompanying fact sheet about the Black population of the United States combines the latest data available from multiple data sources. It is mainly based most black cities – most black cities data from the U. The ACS is used to present demographic and economic characteristics for each group. This report relies on self-identification of race and ethnicity in U. In addition, the racial and ethnic categories used by the U. Most black cities – most black cities changes may impact how many people most black cities – most black cities as Black or any other race.
Black population or total Black population refers to all people who self-identify as Black in the United States. This includes those who say their race is only Black; those who say Black is one of two or more races in their background; and those who say they their race is Black, or that one of their races is Black but also indicate they are of Hispanic or Latino or Black origin.
The terms Black population and Black people are used interchangeably in this report. The terms single-race Black and Black alone are used interchangeably throughout the report to refer to the same population. This population is made up of individuals who self-identify only as Black and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. The term multiracial Black is used to refer to people who self-identify as two or more races and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. The term Black Hispanic is used to refer to those who self-identify as Black and Hispanic or Latino, as well as those who self-identify as multiracial Black and Hispanic or Latino.
The terms Hispanic or Latino are used interchangeably throughout this report. White refers to people who self-identify as White only single race and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino.
Asian refers to people who self-identify as Asian only single race and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. Foreign born refers to people born outside of the United States to parents neither of whom was a U. The terms foreign born and immigrant are used interchangeably in this report. In this report, we refer to several generations. These are defined by their birth years and ages in as follows:.
The Black population of the United States is diverse. Its members have varied histories in the nation — many are descendants of enslaved people, while others are recently arrived immigrants. The Black population also has nuanced ethnic and racial identities reflecting intermarriage and international migration. As a result, there are key distinctions in demographic and economic characteristics between different parts of the national Black population, highlighting its most black cities – most black cities multitude of backgrounds.
The U. Black population is also growing. In That is up from Another 2. A growing share are foreign born, the population is aging модное driving directions to timonium fairgrounds правы some segments are significantly youngerand a growing share are college graduates.
These trends and more are explored in this report. Findings for all Black people, non-Hispanic single-race Black people, non-Hispanic multiracial Black people and Black Hispanics are shown separately. A downloadable spreadsheet of findings is also available. Racial identity — as measured by the U. The census has drastically changed since its first administration in Then, only two racial categories were included: free which mostly included White people and slaves who were mostly enslaved Black people.
The Census Bureau has modified terms used to refer to people of non-White racial identities throughout the years, in accordance with the politics and sensibilities of the times.
Respondents choose their racial response categories themselves. This was not true for over a century of censuses. However, starting that year, some respondents could self-identify, or chose their own racial category.
Self-identification was expanded in subsequent censuses to include virtually all respondents. Additionally, starting incensus data included information from the entire population on Hispanic or Latino ethnic identity in addition to their racial identification. And the census marked the first time respondents жмите сюда able to include themselves in more than one racial category; prior to that year, multiracial respondents could select only one racial category.
Multiracial Americans were one of the population groups that were more likely to change their racial identification between the two decennial census years. The age structure of the Black population has also changed since As ofthe median age of single-race, non-Hispanic Black people is 35, compared with 30 in The median age for the entire Black population is 32, though it varies across the differing identities among the Black population.
Among Black Hispanic people, it is 22 years. Meanwhile, multiracial Black people are the youngest group, with a median age of Black population are members of Generation Z — born between and and ages 7 to 22 in A further one-in-ten were under the age of 7 that year. Black population is age 22 or younger.
Regionally, the share of the national Black population living in the South has grown. Meanwhile, somewhat higher shares lived the Midwest and Northeast in than in The growth of the Black population in the South suggests a departure from previous Black migration patterns.
The first half of the 20th century featured increasing shares of the population residing in regions of the U. Most black cities – most black cities, each decade featured decreasing shares of the Black population living in the Most black cities – most black cities. Starting inshares of the Black population who live in the South have grown. With more than 3. Florida has the second largest population at 3. Other top states most black cities – most black cities residence include New York 3.
Although the top five states of residence have remained the same for Black people as inthe order shifted substantially, with New York and California dropping from the two largest to fourth and fifth in InNew York 3. Top states of residence differ by racial subgroup. Notably, Texas, New York and Florida make the top five for all subgroups.
The metropolitan area with greatest number of Black people is the New York metropolitan area, with roughly 3. The New York City area has been the top urban center since at least for Black people, though other metro areas are on the rise. Inthe Atlanta metropolitan area came in a distant second, with 2. By most black cities – most black cities, inthe Chicago metropolitan area had most black cities – most black cities second largest Black metro population and Atlanta had the fourth largest.
The New York City metropolitan area has the largest Black population across the three Black racial and ethnic subgroups, but the other top large metropolitan areas differ across categories.
However, the top metropolitan areas for multiracial Black people and Black Hispanics differ. The number of Black adults with a college degree or more education has more than doubled since That number grew to 6.
Notably, the share of the Black population with at least a college degree has risen at a similar rate to that of the general population. There were differences in educational attainment in among different subgroups of the Black population. The share of Black adults 25 and older without a high school diploma or its equivalent, such as a GED certificate has dropped substantially — by more most black cities – most black cities half — since In numbers, 2.
Black immigrants are mostly from just two regions of the world. Sincethe U. Black population has not seen significant increases in median household income. But household income of Black households varies. The shares represent an improvement over the distribution most black cities – most black cities Black household income in Income inequality within the Black population remains one of the widest within a major racial or ethnic group.
InBlack-headed households with income in the 90th percentile among the population of Black households earned 14 times that of Black households with income in the 10th percentile. The 90th percentile of households in the overall population, by contrast, earned 12 times that of households with incomes in the 10th percentile. Related changes have been made to any references in the text of the report.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Newsletters Press Donate My Account. Research Topics. Unless otherwise noted, most black cities – most black cities are those who are ages 18 and older.
For this analysis, Generation Z is defined as those ages 7 to 22 in Measuring racial and ethnic identity Racial identity — as measured by the U. You are reading page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4.
Sign up for our weekly newsletter Fresh data delivered Saturday mornings. One-in-four Black продолжение здесь are members of Gen Z Over half of the Black population lives in the South A growing share of Black adults have a college degree The Black immigrant population has grown in number and share Black household incomes since Related Short Read Dec 7,