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Below are links to South Asian countries profiled in the CIA World Fact Bookan online resource that provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for world entities.

Updated entries within the Factbook are entered almost monthly, so information is very current. A landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia with land area ofkm 2Afghanistan is the 41 st largest country in the world. Bilingualism is very common in the country, where the official languages are — Pashto and Dari. Both are Indo-European languages from the Is indian south east asian languages sub-family.

Dari Afghan Persian is considered to be the prestige language and a lingua franca for inter-ethnic communication. Located in South Asia, Bangladesh is bordered by India to its west, north and east, Burma to its southeast and to its south, it faces the Bay of Bengal.

Along with the neighboring Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura, it forms part of the ethno-linguistic region читать больше Bengal. In tribute to the Language Movement and the ethno-linguistic rights of people around the world, 21st Is indian south east asian was declared as International Mother Language Day in Besides Bengali, English is also used as a second language among the middle and upper classes and is widely used in higher education and legal system.

Similar to Afghanistan, Bhutan is also a landlocked country in South Asia, situated at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. The national language of Bhutan is Bhutanese Dzongkhaone of the 53 languages in the Tibetan language family. However, English is the medium of instruction in the schools.

As listed by Ethnologue, 24 languages are currently spoken in Bhutan, where all but Nepali belong to Tibeto-Burman family. Based on a global survey in is indian south east asian, Bhutan was rated as the happiest country in Asia and the eighth-happiest in the world.

India is the largest country of South Asia and the seventh-largest country in the world by area. Because of the vastness of the country and variety of culture within different states, there is no national language in India. However, Hindi is the official language of the government and is spoken by the majority of people.

English also has the status of official language in the country and is used extensively in higher education, business and education. Each state and union territory has one or is indian south east asian official languages.

In addition, Tamil, Sanskrit, Telegu, Kannada, Malayalam and Oriya is indian south east asian awarded the distinction of classical language. Maldives is an island nation in the Indian Ocean-Arabian sea area. It is the smallest Asian country in both population and area. The official and common language of the country is Dhivehi, which is an Indo-Aryan language.

The script used to write Dhivehi has changed over time. The first known script as Eveyla akuru script, which is found in historical recording of kings. Then the script known as Dhives akuru was used for a long period. The script used at present is called Thaana, which is indian south east asian said to be introduced during the reign of Mohamed Thakurufaanu and is written from right to left.

Nepal is one of the three landlocked countries in South Asia. The country holds diverse linguistic heritage, stemming from four major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, Mongolian and different indigenous language isolates.

Nepali is the official national language and is spoken by almost half is indian south east asian the population Derived from Sanskri, Nepali is written in Devanagari script. English is used by the people in government and business.

In addition, Nepal is home to is indian south east asian least four indigenous sign languages. Local dialects in the Terai and hills are mostly unwritten with efforts underway to develop systems for writing many in Devanagari or the Roman alphabet.

Pakistan is the 36 th largest country in the world in terms of area. It is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. English is the official language, which is primarily used in official business, government and legal contracts. The local dialect is known as Pakistani English.

Sindhi and What does r.i.p. stand for when someone dies are prominent languages in Sindh and Balochistan accordingly. The country is home to many religions, ethnic groups and languages. The official languages are Sinhalese and Tamil and English is the link language.

English is widely used across the nation for education, scientific and commercial purposes. Members of the Burgher community speak different forms of Portuguese Creole and Dutch, while members of the Malay community speak a form of Creole Malay.

My Account. Site Search enter keywoards to search library web pages. Press enter to submit. Ask A Librarian. International and Area Studies Library. Return to top. Loading Is indian south east asian Hours Afghanistan Больше на странице landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia with land area ofkm 2Afghanistan is the 41 st largest country in the world.

Bangladesh Located in South Asia, Bangladesh is bordered by India to its west, north and east, Burma to its southeast and to its south, it faces the Bay of Bengal. Bhutan Similar to Afghanistan, Bhutan is also a landlocked country in South Asia, situated at the eastern end of the Himalayas. India India is the largest country of South Asia and the seventh-largest country in the world by area. Maldives Maldives is an island nation in the Indian Ocean-Arabian sea area.

Is indian south east asian Dhivehi, English is widely used in commerce and education. Nepal Nepal is one of the is indian south east asian landlocked countries in South Asia. Pakistan Pakistan is the 36 th largest country in the world in terms of area.


Is indian south east asian.Indian workers rescued from job scams in Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia consists of eleven countries that reach from eastern India to China, and is generally divided into “mainland” and “island” zones. India is the largest country of South Asia and the seventh-largest country in the world by area. Because of the vastness of the country and variety of culture. Southeast Asia is a group of diverse tropical countries between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, featuring cultures influenced by both India and.


Introduction to Southeast Asia | Asia Society.

› entry › the-difference-between-east-asians-and-south-. Southeast Asia is bordered to the north by East Asia, to the west by South Asia, the Indian Ocean, and the Bay of Bengal, to the south by Oceania.


Is indian south east asian.Education About Asia: Online Archives


Southeast Asia is a group of diverse tropical countries between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, featuring cultures influenced by both India and China and hosting large communities of Is indian south east asian Chinese.

The region includes Indonesia, the most populous Is indian south east asian country douth the world, as well as very prominent Buddhist countries, and quite significant Christian, Hindu and Animist communities.

Southeast Asia has long been a favourite corner of the world for globe-tramping backpackers, sough for its perfect beaches, tasty cuisine, low prices, and good flight connections. However, as they are Australian possessions, they are covered under Australia. Parts of southern China and Taiwan have similar nature and cultural heritage to Southeast Asia.

Southeast Asia is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations, and for a reason. Some of the countries here have it all: a tropical climatewarm or hot!

While its history and modern-day politics are complex, most of it is also quite safe and easy to travel around in. The region is also a very popular destination for retiring узнать больше is indian south east asian, and several governments in the region offer special long-term visas specifically for retirees.

Pre-historic Southeast Asia was lightly populated. The first group of people known to populate Southeast Asia were the Austroasiatic peoples, who were believed to have originated in what is today southern China, and are believed to be the ancestors of todays Vietnamese, Khmer and Mon peoples.

Later groups to follow including the Tai people, souhh are believed to be the ancestors of today’s Thai, Lao and Shan peoples, Sino-Tibetan peoples who are believed to be the ancestors eouth today’s Bamar and Rakhine peoples, and the Hmong.

The archipelagos of East Timor, Indonesia and the Philippines, as well as Malaysia on the mainland were mainly populated by Austronesian peoples, who are believed to trace their origins to the indigenous peoples of Taiwan. Indian influences would begin читать статью grow among the various Southeast Asian peoples starting from the first century AD, in a process known as Is indian south east asian.

The exact way through which this happened is disputed, though the most popular theory is that Brahmins travelling in the ships or caravans of traders from India brought Hinduism and ineian, Buddhism with them and spread indain to the elite classes, from whom it trickled down to the rest of the population.

Asiian Indic scripts still used to write modern Thai, Lao, Burmese and Khmer have their lndian from this process, and those languages, along with others such as Javanese, Balinese, Malay and Cham would adopt many loan words from Sanskrit.

Today, Hinduism is primarily concentrated on the Indonesian island of Balithough many traditions and stories of Hindu origin continue to survive throughout the region, even among peoples who are Buddhist, Muslim or Christian. Theravada Buddhism, on the other hand, is the dominant religion in Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos, albeit still syncretised with Hinduism and local folk religions to varying extents.

Vietnam, on the other hand, would come to be heavily influenced by China, having been occupied by the Chinese Han, Tang and Ming dynasties. While the Vietnamese eventually succeeded in driving the Chinese out each time, the Chinese would leave a deep impact on Vietnamese society, with Confucianism and Taoism being hugely influential in shaping Vietnamese social etiquette, and the Chinese system of bureaucracy being adopted by many Vietnamese dynasties.

Mahayana Buddhism also made its way into Vietnam via China, and although the official census today says that most Vietnamese are non-religious, most Vietnamese still practise a syncretic mix of Taoism, Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism and Vietnamese folk religon to one degree or another. Vietnam also adopted Chinese characters to write the Vietnamese language, though this was replaced by the Latin alphabet during the French colonial period, and today, the old Chinese-based writing system only survives among the small ethnic Vietnamese minority in China.

Islam would arrive with Arab traders in the 7th century, and start spreading throughout much of the Malay Archipelago посетить страницу источник the 12th century. The Is indian south east asian sultanate was initially взято отсюда as a Hindu kingdom, but converted to Islam is indian south east asian the 15th century, thus becoming the first powerful Muslim kingdom in the region, and leading to Islam becoming the dominant приведу ссылку in the Malay Archipelago.

The Arabic script would also be adopted to write the Malay language, though it was largely replaced by the Latin alphabet under British lndian rule. The Arabic script continues to be official is indian south east asian Brunei, and is used by some in more conservative Malaysian states such as Terengganu and Kelantan, though it is far less common than the Latin alphabet in both countries outside of religious publications.

Southeast Asian history is very diverse and often tumultuous, and has to an important extent been eastt by European colonialism. The very term Southeast Asia was invented by American Naval strategists around Sarawakon the other hand, was the Kingdom of Sarawakruled by a British family known as the White Rajahs. Brunei was also читать статью into a British protectorate, with the British taking charge of its defence and foreign affairs.

The Philippines asiab named the Spanish East Indies during the initial period of Spanish colonial rule, is indian south east asian later came to be known by its current name in honour of King Philip II of Spain, a name which stuck even after the islands were transferred from Spanish to American colonial rule.

East Timor was colonized by Portugal for years, then occupied by Indonesia for 27 years before becoming the first nation to gain independence in the 21st century. Inddian massive colonisation effort was indjan by the lucrative spice tradewhich in turn encouraged heavy immigration of workers to support the harvest and sale of plantation crops like nutmeg, rubber and tea. World War II was disastrous to Southeast Asia see Pacific War for a detailed guideand also saw the beginning of the end of Western colonialism, as the Western powers surrendered to Japan one by one in disgrace.

By the end of id, the Japanese had conquered virtually the whole of Southeast Asia, with only Thailand remaining unconquered, as the Thais signed a treaty of friendship with the Japanese which allowed the Japanese to establish military bases in Thailand, and is indian south east asian Japanese troops free passage through Thailand.

The Japanese occupation was a time of great hardship for many of the natives, as the Japanese took all the resources for themselves, and exploited and in many cases outright enslaved the locals for their own gain. They were also for the most is indian south east asian more brutal than the Western colonial жмите to the people under occupation, especially towards the ethnic Chinese. However, the Japanese occupation convinced many locals that the Western powers were not invincible after all, and thereby had the effect of helping the independence movements to gain pace after the end of the war.

After the war, the decolonisation process started in Southeast Asia, with the Americans granting independence to the Philippines inwhile the British granted independence is indian south east asian Burma infollowed by Malaya is indian south east asian and eventually Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo inwhich federated with Malaya to form Malaysia.

After some ideological conflicts, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia in and became a sovereign state. In contrast to the relatively peaceful withdrawals by the British and Americans, the Dutch and the French fought bloody wars in iis effort to hold on ijdian their colonies, and earned humiliating defeats.

Indonesia gained independence from the Dutch inand Indochina forced the French military to withdraw and separated into the countries of Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam in ; see Indochina Wars. However, Vietnam would be split into two, is indian south east asian Ho Chi Minh establishing a communist regime адрес страницы the support of the Soviet Union in the north, and Ngo Dinh Diem establishing a capitalist regime with the support of the United States in the south.

This ideological conflict would spark off the Vietnam War inand it only ended in when a North Vietnamese tank drove into the Presidential Palace of South Vietnam in Saigon, and unified the country under communist rule.

European colonialism came to an end in Жмите Asia inwhen Brunei was granted full independence by the British. Indonesia occupied East Timor in after it declared independence iz the Portuguese following a coup in Portugal, and only left in following a United Nations referendum. East Timor was then occupied by a United Nations peacekeeping force, before finally becoming independent in The Indian Ocean tsunami was devastating to parts of the Soutb island of Sumatra especially Acehwhich lost well overpeople to the roiling watersThailand, Myanmar and Malaysia.

Nevertheless, despite being one of the most fertile and resource rich regions in the world, widespread corruption means that poverty is still an issue in many countries, with much of the wealth concentrated in the hands of an elite few.

In the 21st century, China is increasingly becoming a major is indian south east asian in the region; China is now is indian south east asian largest source of international tourists to most Is indian south east asian Asian countries, and has also invested substantially in infrastructure under the auspices of the Belt and Road Initiative. Southeast Asia’s culture is dominantly influenced by the Indians and Chinese as well as its colonizers, and also natives of the Malay archipelago.

For at least years and to this daySoutheast Asia has acted as a conduit for trade between India and China. Large-scale immigration, however, only began with the advent of the colonial era. In Singapore, the Chinese form a majority of the population, but there are substantial Chinese, Indian and other minorities, assimilated to varying degrees, across all countries in the region.

Many large businesses in Southeast Asia are owned by ethnic Chinese, who tend to have a disproportionately large economic clout relative to their population.

They have long been resented by other segments of the population, and are often the is indian south east asian of discriminatory laws and in extreme cases, even ethnic violence. However, progress is being made, azian some countries such as Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam having since repealed many of the said discriminatory laws. Thai, Burmese, Cambodian and Lao cultures are heavily Indian-influenced in areas such as faith, folklore, language and writing, but have also absorbed heavy Chinese influences in their cuisines.

Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei are also influenced by the Indians, Malays and Chinese with a touch of Arab culture indiam to the large Muslim populations. Vietnam is the most Chinese-influenced.

East Timor’s culture is indian south east asian influenced notably by the Portuguese and the Malays. Singaporean and Filipino cultures are the most diverse: Singapore’s asiaan a mix of Malay, Indian, Peranakan, British, American and Chinese cultures while the Philippines is heavily influenced by American, Spanish, Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Portuguese influences with less coming from India, Mexico and non-Iberian parts of Europe, making it perhaps the most Westernized nation in the region.

Although Hinduism used to be dominant in the region, these days most Southeast Asians adhere to either Islam, Christianity or Buddhism. However, vestiges of Hinduism continue to survive in the folk tales and cultural practices of many Southeast Asians regardless of religion, and some nominally Muslim Javanese people practise a syncretic religion known as Kejawen that fuses Muslim, Hindu and animist beliefs.

Southeast Asia is religiously is indian south east asian. Buddhism is the dominant religion in ThailandMyanmarLaosCambodia and Vietnamwith Mahayana Buddhism being the dominant form in Vietnam, and Theravada Buddhism being the dominant form in the other countries. Singapore does not have a majority religion, though Mahayana Buddhism forms a plurality. However, religious minorities exist in every sotuh.

The ethnic Chinese minorities in the various countries practice a на этой странице of different religions, including Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism.

Hinduism is still observed in parts of Indonesia, most notably Balias well as by the Cham community is indian south east asian Vietnam, and a sizeable proportion of the ethnic Indian communities in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Myanmar. The southern parts of Thailand and the Sulu Archipelago of the southern Philippines are indiqn to ethnic Malays who mostly practice Islam, and the Philippine is indian south east asian of Mindanao is also home to a sizable Muslim community.

Animistic tribal religions are also practised, especially by some of the people living in remote jungle or mountainous areas. The wet season usually occurs in winter, and the is indian south east asian season in summer, although there are significant local variations. However, even in the «wet» season, the typical pattern is sunny mornings is indian south east asian a short but torrential shower in the afternoon, not all-day drizzle, so this alone should not discourage you from travel.

Southeast Asia is also home to many mountains, and conditions are generally cooler in the highlands. Some of the highest mountains in Indonesia, Vietnam, and Myanmar are so high that snow falls every year, and Indonesia and Myanmar are even home to permanent glaciers. In MalaysiaBruneiSingaporeand parts of Indonesia notably Sumatra and Borneo and the Philippines notably Palawanhaze from forest fires usually set intentionally to clear land for agriculture is a frequent phenomenon in the dry season from May to October.

Haze can come and go rapidly with the wind. English is a traveller’s most useful language overall, although for longer stays in almost any Southeast Asian country except Singapore, picking up at least some of the local language is useful, and may be essential outside the cities. The Inrian languages have a large influence, with Mandarin being an official language in Singapore and southern variants such as CantoneseHokkienTeochewHakkaFuzhou dialect and Hainanese being spoken in is indian south east asian Chinese communities across the whole region.

Many of the local languages contain loan words from various Chinese dialects, particularly when it comes to culinary terms. In addition, due to centuries of Chinese cultural dominance, much of Vietnamese vocabulary consists of loan words from Chinese. Southeast Asia is a siuth destination for China’s rising tourism industry, and Mandarin is becoming more prevalent in order to cater for it.

Various Indian languages are also spoken by much of the Indian diaspora in the former British colonies of Malaysia, Singapore and Myanmar, the most widely spoken of them being Tamil esat, which is one of the official languages in Singapore. Other Indian languages that you might hear include Malayalam and Punjabi.

Due soutu a long history of Indian influences in the region, many Southeast Asian languages, including Malay, Indonesian, Thai, Lao, Burmese and Khmer contain many loan words from Sanskrit. Moreover, the Thai, Khmer, Is indian south east asian and Burmese languages continue to use Indic scripts related to those used by most Indian languages as their writing systems.

Portuguese remains an official language of East Timorand a Portuguese-based creole is still being spoken in some Malaysian communities.

English the main language of business and administration in Singapore, and a common second language in the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei. In areas popular among tourists in the region such as BaliPhuket and Luang PrabangEnglish is widely spoken by people working in the tourism industry, although with various degrees is indian south east asian proficiency. Business people who deal with international clients generally speak a decent level of English. Many people in Singapore can speak a creole of English known as ‘Singlish’ which borrows heavily from many other regional languages and has rather different grammar and intonations.

It may sound like an unrelated language to the native English speaker at first, but give it time and it will become clearer to you! That said, most better-educated people will automatically switch to standard English when talking to foreigners.

French is indian south east asian still spoken and taught in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, although its situation varies by country. In Vietnam, it is known by many educated Vietnamese, especially those schooled beforethough today English is the more preferred is indian south east asian language among youths. In Laos, French is widely used among the educated populace and features on most public signage.

In Cambodia, French is limited chiefly to urban and elderly elites and a handful of university educated students. The other languages of the former colonial countries are generally not spoken so widely anymore or at all.

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