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This allows drivers to race around the track constantly at wide open throttle. Since the vehicles are within their limit of traction, drafting through corners will not hinder a vehicle’s performance.

As cars running together are faster than cars running individually, all cars in the field will draft each other simultaneously in one large pack. In stock car racing this is often referred to as » restrictor plate racing » because NASCAR mandates that each car on its two longest high-banked ovals, Talladega and Daytona , use an air restrictor to reduce horsepower. The results of pack racing may vary.

As drivers are forced to race in a confined space, overtaking is very common as vehicles may travel two and three abreast. This forces drivers to use strong mental discipline in negotiating traffic.

There are drawbacks, however. Should an accident occur at the front of the pack, the results could block the track in a short amount of time.

This leaves drivers at the back of the pack with little time to react and little room to maneuver. The results are often catastrophic as numerous cars may be destroyed in a single accident. This type of accident is often called » The Big One «. Oval track racing requires different tactics than road racing. While the driver doesn’t have to shift gears nearly as frequently, brake as heavily or as often, or deal with turns of various radii in both directions as in road racing, drivers are still challenged by negotiating the track.

Where there is generally one preferred line around a road course, there are many different lines that can work on an oval track. The preferred line depends on many factors including track conditions, car set-up, and traffic. The oval track driver must choose which line to use each time they approach a corner. On a short track in a lap feature race, a driver might not run any two laps with the same line.

Both types of racing place physical demands on the driver. A driver in an IndyCar race at Richmond International Raceway may be subject to as many lateral g-forces albeit in only one direction as a Formula One driver at silverstone.

Weather also plays a different role in each discipline. Road racing offers a variety of fast and slow corners that allow the use of rain tires. Paved oval tracks generally don’t run with a wet track surface. Dirt ovals will sometimes support a light rain. Some tracks e. Safety has also been a point of difference between the two. While a road course usually has abundant run-off areas , gravel traps, and tire barriers, oval tracks usually have a concrete retaining wall separating the track from the fans.

Innovations have been made to change this, however. The SAFER barrier was created to provide a less dangerous alternative to a traditional concrete wall. The barrier can be retrofitted onto an existing wall or may take the place of a concrete wall completely.

Their size can range from only a few hundred feet to over two and a half miles. The definitions used to differentiate track sizes have changed over the years. While some tracks use terms such as «speedway» or «superspeedway» in their name, they may not meet the specific definitions used in this article. A short track is an oval track less than one mile 1. Drivers seeking careers in oval track racing generally serve their apprenticeship on short tracks before moving up to series which compete on larger tracks.

Due to their short length and fast action, these tracks are often nicknamed » bullrings «. Short tracks in many cases have lights installed and routinely host night races. Three race tracks of this type are also represented in the Cup: Bristol, Martinsville and Richmond. At the request of some fans on social media, there are plans to hold more races on this oval type in the future.

Tracks with potential for future cup races are the Iowa Speedway built in , the Nashville Fairgrounds Speedway used until in the Cup, and the Memphis Motorsports Park, which had races of the Busch Series back then until the s. Synonymous with the name, a 1-mile 1.

The exact measurements, however, can vary by as much as a tenth of a mile and still fall into this category. Most mile ovals are relatively flat-banked, with Dover being a notable exception. Many 1-mile dirt ovals were used by Stock cars or Champcars before race tracks with dirt surfaces were removed from the racing calendar in the early s.

The origin of these racetracks was in harness racing , which commonly used 1-mile tracks. Also, the oldest oval race track, the Milwaukee Mile was originally a race track for horse racing. The 1-mile ovals have lost a great deal of their former importance for oval racing. These include the Chicago Motor Speedway and the Walt Disney World Speedway , which were built during the s construction boom but used for only four years.

The historic Nazareth Speedway , which was paved in , was completely abandoned after the season. Physically, the Milwaukee Mile, the oldest oval race track in the world, as well as the Rockingham Speedway and the Pikes Peak International Raceway still exist. However, these racetracks have not been used by nationally important motorsports events for years.

IndyCar has not raced on an oval of this length since Also referred to with the general term of «speedway», these courses are 1 to 2 miles 1. Until , there were only five examples. Two of these, the Marchbanks Speedway 1.

All other ovals of this type were built after During the race track construction boom of the late s, these tracks began to be labeled with the rather derogatory term «cookie cutter» tracks, as their differences were perceived to be minimal.

In , Charlotte became the first intermediate track to install lights and allow for night racing. It is now commonplace for these types of tracks to host night races. Intermediate tracks usually have moderate to steep banking.

Since their size allows them to compromise high speeds with sightlines, especially tri- and quad-ovals of 1. While intermediate speedways were designed primarily with stock cars in mind, they were also believed to be suited to host Indy cars as well.

In the early years of the Indy Racing League , the series visited several intermediate tracks. The higher-downforce, normally aspirated IRL-type cars proved to be competitive at several of the tracks.

The CART series however, mostly stayed away as the faster, more powerful Champ Cars were generally thought to be too fast for this type of circuit. This became evident at the Firestone Firehawk , when drivers experienced vertigo-like symptoms, and the race was cancelled for safety reasons.

As of , the IndyCar Series has only one race remaining at a high-banked intermediate track Texas. These tracks began to be removed from the Indy car schedule in the lates and earlys due to low crowds and serious crashes, including the one at Las Vegas in Originally a superspeedway was an oval race track with a length of one mile or more. Since the introduction of the intermediate oval, Superspeedway is an oval race course of 2 miles or longer.

There are six active superspeedways in the United States, the most famous being Indianapolis Motor Speedway and Daytona International Speedway , both 2. These tracks were built in and respectively. Indianapolis Motor Speedway was built as a facility for the automotive industry to conduct research and development. The longest superspeedway is the Talladega Superspeedway in Talladega, Alabama. Built in , it is 2. Michigan Speedway was part of the series from to , AutoClub Speedway from to and a second time from to , Pocono was used by IndyCar between and The closed and partially demolished Texas World Speedway , was the original «sister track» to Michigan.

The two-mile oval, with its degree banking, was the site of Mario Andretti’s closed-course record of No major professional series have raced at TWS since the s. The 2. As a result, the racetracks have lengths of different accuracy.

While many oval tracks conform to the traditional symmetrical design, asymmetrical tracks are not uncommon. Fairgrounds Speedway. Indianapolis Raceway. North Wilkesboro Speedway. Thompson International Speedway. USA International Speedway. New Hampshire Motor Speedway. Atlanta International Speedway. Rockingham Motor Speedway. EuroSpeedway Lausitz.

The tri-oval is the common shape of the ovals from the construction booms of the s and s. The use of the tri-oval shape for automobile racing was conceived by Bill France, Sr. The triangular layout allowed fans in the grandstands an angular perspective of the cars coming towards and moving away from their vantage point. Traditional ovals such as Indianapolis offered only limited linear views of the course, and required fans to look back and forth much like a tennis match.

The tri-oval shape prevents fans from having to «lean» to see oncoming cars, and creates more forward sight lines. The modern tri-ovals were often called as cookie cutters because of their nearly identical shape and identical kind of races. Nashville Superspeedway. Calder Park Thunderdome Superspeedway. Ovalo Aguascalientes. Memphis International Raceway. Talladega Superspeedway. There are a lot of oval tracks, which neither have a classical geometric shape nor still represent a modern tri-oval in the strict sense.

While these courses still technically fall under the category of ovals, their unique shape, flat corners, hard braking zones, or increased difficulty, often produces driving characteristics similar to those of a road course. Some facilities feature several ovals track of different sizes, often sharing part of the same front straightaway. The name «legends oval» was derived from this use. They have also seen use with go-karts, short track stock cars, and other lower disciplines. Perhaps the most unusual concentric oval facility is Dover Speedway- Dover Downs.

The one-mile oval track encompasses a 0. Oval tracks usually have slope in both straight and in curves, but the slope on the straights is less, circuits without any slope are rare to find, low-slope are usually old or small tracks, high gradient are more common in new circuits. Track surfaces can be dirt , concrete, asphalt, or a combination of concrete and asphalt.

Some ovals in the early twentieth century had wood surfaces. Indianapolis Motor Speedway ‘s track surface used to be made entirely of bricks, and today, 3 feet 0. Each was hand laid over a 2-inch 51 mm cushion of sand, then leveled and the gaps filled with mortar. Before the work was completed, locals nicknamed the track «The Brickyard». This type of course makes for a multi-purpose track, and allows the facility to be used for both oval and road racing.

At some point, the circuit leads back to the main oval, and completes the rest of the lap. Some more complex facilities feature a stand-alone road course layout s in the infield not directly linked to the oval layout, or otherwise using only a short portion of the oval. Combined road courses combine the high speed characteristics of ovals with the technical precision of road courses. It allows road racing disciplines the unique experience of being held in the stadium style atmosphere of an oval superspeedway.

Numerous combined road courses saw widespread use with sports cars in the s and early s. However, their use at the professional level has since diminished considerably, since most layouts lacked the desirable topography and competitive challenges of natural road courses.

In addition, most combined road course circuits offer poor sightlines for fans sitting in the grandstands. Oftentimes the challenging infield portion is obscured or not visible at all from the grandstands that line the circumference of the oval track, so many fans choose to view from the ground level inside the infield — leaving the grandstands mostly empty and unsightly.

Many combined road course layouts have been abandoned, or are used only for testing and amateur race meets. Since , the most famous race continuously held on a combined road course has been the 24 Hours of Daytona. In some rare examples, the combined road course layout is run in the opposite direction to the oval circuit. For instance, at Indianapolis the oval is run counter-clockwise, but the combined road course used during the IndyCar Series Grand Prix of Indianapolis is run clockwise.

However the MotoGP races were run counter-clockwise, with some reconfigured corners to fix corner apex problems. Michigan was also an example of a clockwise combined road course. Another example is the Adelaide International Raceway in Australia which combines a 2.

The Bowl forms a permanent part of the road course and also runs clockwise. At many tracks, multiple configurations are available for the combined road course layout s. An example of an outfield combined road course can be seen at the Calder Park Raceway in Melbourne , Australia. The Calder Park complex has a 1. The road course and the oval can be linked via two short roads that connect the front straight of the road course to the back straight of the oval.

As they are separate tracks, this creates a unique situation where different races can actually be run on both the oval and the full road course at the same time. This configuration was used only twice both in and has not been used for major motor racing since hosting Round 9 of the World Touring Car Championship.

There have been two distinct oval race track construction «booms» in the United States. The first took place in the s, and the second took place in the mid-to-late s.

The majority of tracks from the s boom and the s boom have survived, but some tracks failed to achieve long-term financial success. However, there are also many oval tracks elsewhere too, as listed below. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Form of auto racing where competitors duel on an oval shaped track.

For the variant of cycling, see Track cycling. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Evergreen Speedway. Mesa Marin Speedway. Salem Speedway. Milwaukee Mile. Main article: Tri-oval.

Chicagoland Speedway. Indianapolis Motor Speedway The Indianapolis Motor Speedway has seen the most fatalities; seven drivers have died there during the time that the Indianapolis formed part of the world championship. How is oval racing different from road racing? Oval track racing is a form of closed-circuit automobile racing that is contested on an oval-shaped track.

An oval track differs from a road course in that the layout resembles an oval with turns in only one direction, almost universally left counter-clockwise orientation. Track razed in to make room for parking lot. How many oval tracks are there in the United States? According to the National Speedway Directory, the total number of oval tracks, drag strips and road courses in the United States is 1,, with of those being oval tracks and of those being dirt tracks.

Atlanta Motor Speedway. Auto Club Speedway. Charlotte Motor Speedway. Chicagoland Speedway. Darlington Raceway. Gateway Motorsports Park. Kentucky Speedway. What race track has the most deaths? What are some weird facts about Ireland? Previous Post. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits.

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How many super speedways are there in nascar

 

Hope always springs eternal on the beach in February. Martinsville, Va. There is no shortage of beating, banging and retaliation — and Victory Lane is held right on the frontstretch for all the fans to experience.

Bristol, Tenn. The August night race was once the hardest ticket to get in racing, but has recently become obtainable. A track repave in created two groves of racing, and therefore eliminated the wreck-fest that once was Bristol. Darlington, S. But the addition of lights around the 1.

What sporting facility do you know of whose shape and construction was dictated by the landowner wanting to retain his minnow pond? Richmond International Raceway Richmond, Va. An hour or so outside of Washington D. Often credited as being the ideal track for stock cars, Richmond is old-school charm with new-school amenities.. Charlotte Motor Speedway Concord, N. The original 1.

Plus, Uptown Charlotte is as nice as Chicago — minus the murder and congestion. Greg Biffle; Kevin Harvick vs. Atlanta Motor Speedway Hampton, Ga. Geoff Bodine reeled off a lap of As this list has proven, the oldest tracks produce the best racing — and Atlanta is no different.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway Speedway, Ind. The 2. Besides, where else do drivers get a shotgun for winning the pole and a pair of six-shooters for claiming victory in the race? Sonoma Raceway Sonoma, Calif. It has now devolved into a fuel mileage venue, but late-race yellows tend to spring up and foster a fight to the finish. Michigan International Speedway Brooklyn, Mich. About an hour outside of Detroit, this is one of the races that has always been key for the manufacturers to brag about having won — which has to sting a bit with Toyota having won four of the last seven.

MIS has also updated the facilities in recent years and has done a masterful job of resolving the traffic and parking issues that made getting out of the track a perfect excuse to not go at all. The middle stages of a Michigan race can get strung out, however things historically tighten up at the end for a memorable finish. They were hitting mph into Turn 1 here in practice last year before a slower tire was introduced, reducing the pole speed to a pedestrian Will the new Gen-6 cars push the envelope back over this year?

Of course, everyone cites Petty as saying that about every track, so who knows at this point. Anyway, many agreed with him after the Magic Mile produced nothing but duds the first 12 years or so on the circuit. Recently, it has provided a number of memorable finishes, and in part dictated the outcome of the Chase. It produced some of the closest finishes of the CoT era, and is notable for being the track to help draw fans from the Boston market. Say what you will about the recent downturn in attendance — NHIS fans still show up, even packing the stands for the must-see Modified race.

Dover International Speedway Dover, Del. You think the races are bad at laps? They used to be — on asphalt. Visit geico. Phoenix International Raceway Avondale, Ariz. Therefore, tempers run high, water bottles are thrown at cars, and sometimes Clint Bowyer will run through the garage to beat up Jeff Gordon after getting turned head-on into the wall. Indianapolis Raceway. North Wilkesboro Speedway.

Thompson International Speedway. USA International Speedway. New Hampshire Motor Speedway. Atlanta International Speedway. Rockingham Motor Speedway. EuroSpeedway Lausitz. The tri-oval is the common shape of the ovals from the construction booms of the s and s. The use of the tri-oval shape for automobile racing was conceived by Bill France, Sr.

The triangular layout allowed fans in the grandstands an angular perspective of the cars coming towards and moving away from their vantage point.

Traditional ovals such as Indianapolis offered only limited linear views of the course, and required fans to look back and forth much like a tennis match. The tri-oval shape prevents fans from having to «lean» to see oncoming cars, and creates more forward sight lines.

The modern tri-ovals were often called as cookie cutters because of their nearly identical shape and identical kind of races. Nashville Superspeedway. Calder Park Thunderdome Superspeedway. Ovalo Aguascalientes. Memphis International Raceway. Talladega Superspeedway. There are a lot of oval tracks, which neither have a classical geometric shape nor still represent a modern tri-oval in the strict sense.

While these courses still technically fall under the category of ovals, their unique shape, flat corners, hard braking zones, or increased difficulty, often produces driving characteristics similar to those of a road course. Some facilities feature several ovals track of different sizes, often sharing part of the same front straightaway. The name «legends oval» was derived from this use. They have also seen use with go-karts, short track stock cars, and other lower disciplines.

Perhaps the most unusual concentric oval facility is Dover Speedway- Dover Downs. The one-mile oval track encompasses a 0. Oval tracks usually have slope in both straight and in curves, but the slope on the straights is less, circuits without any slope are rare to find, low-slope are usually old or small tracks, high gradient are more common in new circuits.

Track surfaces can be dirt , concrete, asphalt, or a combination of concrete and asphalt. Some ovals in the early twentieth century had wood surfaces. Indianapolis Motor Speedway ‘s track surface used to be made entirely of bricks, and today, 3 feet 0. Each was hand laid over a 2-inch 51 mm cushion of sand, then leveled and the gaps filled with mortar.

Before the work was completed, locals nicknamed the track «The Brickyard». This type of course makes for a multi-purpose track, and allows the facility to be used for both oval and road racing.

At some point, the circuit leads back to the main oval, and completes the rest of the lap. Some more complex facilities feature a stand-alone road course layout s in the infield not directly linked to the oval layout, or otherwise using only a short portion of the oval. Combined road courses combine the high speed characteristics of ovals with the technical precision of road courses. It allows road racing disciplines the unique experience of being held in the stadium style atmosphere of an oval superspeedway.

Numerous combined road courses saw widespread use with sports cars in the s and early s. However, their use at the professional level has since diminished considerably, since most layouts lacked the desirable topography and competitive challenges of natural road courses.

In addition, most combined road course circuits offer poor sightlines for fans sitting in the grandstands. Oftentimes the challenging infield portion is obscured or not visible at all from the grandstands that line the circumference of the oval track, so many fans choose to view from the ground level inside the infield — leaving the grandstands mostly empty and unsightly.

Many combined road course layouts have been abandoned, or are used only for testing and amateur race meets. Since , the most famous race continuously held on a combined road course has been the 24 Hours of Daytona. In some rare examples, the combined road course layout is run in the opposite direction to the oval circuit.

For instance, at Indianapolis the oval is run counter-clockwise, but the combined road course used during the IndyCar Series Grand Prix of Indianapolis is run clockwise.

However the MotoGP races were run counter-clockwise, with some reconfigured corners to fix corner apex problems. Michigan was also an example of a clockwise combined road course. Another example is the Adelaide International Raceway in Australia which combines a 2.

The Bowl forms a permanent part of the road course and also runs clockwise. At many tracks, multiple configurations are available for the combined road course layout s. An example of an outfield combined road course can be seen at the Calder Park Raceway in Melbourne , Australia. The Calder Park complex has a 1. The road course and the oval can be linked via two short roads that connect the front straight of the road course to the back straight of the oval.

As they are separate tracks, this creates a unique situation where different races can actually be run on both the oval and the full road course at the same time. This configuration was used only twice both in and has not been used for major motor racing since hosting Round 9 of the World Touring Car Championship. There have been two distinct oval race track construction «booms» in the United States. The first took place in the s, and the second took place in the mid-to-late s.

The majority of tracks from the s boom and the s boom have survived, but some tracks failed to achieve long-term financial success. However, there are also many oval tracks elsewhere too, as listed below.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Form of auto racing where competitors duel on an oval shaped track. For the variant of cycling, see Track cycling. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Evergreen Speedway. Mesa Marin Speedway. Salem Speedway. Milwaukee Mile. Main article: Tri-oval. Chicagoland Speedway. Kansas Speedway. Kentucky Speedway.

Phakisa Freeway. Atlanta Motor Speedway. Texas Motor Speedway. Autodromo Chiapas. Richmond Raceway altered design. Myrtle Beach Speedway. Auto Club Speedway. Texas World Speedway. Retrieved Sports Illustrated. April 10, Retrieved April 11, Las Vegas Sun. October 28, Archived from the original on November 10, PRN Motorsport Magazine. Archived from the original on August 10, Charlotte Observer. Links to related articles. DuQuoin Springfield. Mid-Ohio Watkins Glen.

Augustine St. Paul Toledo West Chester Winchester. Brainerd Mosport Topeka. Tracks of the Championship Auto Racing Teams — Petersburg San Jose.

Tracks of the IndyCar Series —present. Gateway Indianapolis Oval Iowa Texas. Petersburg Toronto CAN. Tracks used by the International Race of Champions — Dover New Hampshire Phoenix. Daytona Fontana Michigan Talladega Pocono. North Wilkesboro. Indianapolis Oval Ontario Texas World. Bristol Martinsville Richmond. Daytona Fontana Michigan Pocono Talladega. Milwaukee Nazareth Pikes Peak Rockingham.

Chicagoland Gateway Kentucky. Indianapolis Oval. Daytona Pocono Talladega. Austin Mid-Ohio Sonoma. Chicagoland Kentucky. Fontana Michigan. Paul Trenton West Richland Winchester. Categories : Auto racing by type Stock car racing Open wheel racing. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles needing additional references from October All articles needing additional references.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. California Speedway. Chicago Motor Speedway. Gateway Motorsports Park. Homestead-Miami Speedway. Las Vegas Motor Speedway. Twin Ring Motegi. One sub-classification of the traditional oval shape is the «paper clip» oval.

The layout consists of two long straights, connected by two sharp, tight-radius turns, giving the track a shape resembling a paper clip. The courses are usually very challenging, and usually offer little banking, making the turns very slow and tight to maneuver. This is the classic layout of short tracks or mile ovals.

Most short tracks are paper clips. But there exist some tracks about 1 mile length with this shape, too. Martinsville Speedway.

One sub-classification of the traditional oval shape is the «stadium» oval. In contrast to the paperclip, the straight lines are relatively short compared with the curves. It is the form closest to a circle. The curves usually shows a high banking. Bristol Motor Speedway. Dover Motor Speedway. Homestead altered design. One prominent, but now uncommon shape is the «rounded-off rectangle». Pursuant to its name, the track shape resembles a rectangle, with two long straights and two short straights, connected by four separate turns.

The primary characteristic of a rounded-off rectangle that differentiates it from a traditional oval shape, is the presence of two «short chutes», one between turns one and two, and one between turns three and four. When it was first constructed, the Homestead-Miami Speedway was designed to this layout and touted as a «mini-Indy. Indianapolis remains as the only major track to this specification. Tracks of this shape have been avoided due to grandstand sight line issues, slow corners, and dangerous impact angles.

However, numerous private manufacturers’ test tracks use this type of layout. The only major short track with a rectangular layout has the shape of a rounded-off square with four nearly identical straights and turns.

Flemington Speedway , a square. Homestead-Miami Speedway original design. Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

 

How many super speedways are there in nascar

 
Sonoma Raceway Sonoma, Calif. Some oval tracks have minor variations, such as kinks or doglegs. Numerous combined road courses saw widespread use with sports cars in the s and early s.

 
 

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